The Program focuses on historical change, i.e. on the large-scale and significant transformations that affect, often by leaps and bounds, social organization, economic processes, ways of thinking and everyday life. Historical research has shown that such major transformations are associated with or accompanied by periods of crisis, as the old collides with the new. And, of course, each crisis has different characteristics, depending on time and society. The concepts of crisis and historical change are therefore fundamental interpretative tools for understanding the evolution of human societies, and are at the heart of history as an academic discipline.
The Program provides a comprehensive review of the question of historical change in the major fields of human action, through concrete historical examples. At the same time, it trains students in the methodological tools and analytical approaches of contemporary historical research.